Water, a precious and primary resource for our survival. Although it accounts for two-thirds of the Earth's surface, only a small part (0.008%) can be used for food or agricultural purposes. Access to drinking water, which is essential for individual and collective health, is taken for granted, but what is not well known is the daily wastage of water and the degree to which our water is polluted.
The political decisions of recent years and their implementation as national rules, regulations and legislative measures, have had and continue to have, as their ultimate goal, the protection of this resource by ensuring its quality, quantity, continuity and economic sustainability. The criteria and minimum quality standards adopted are the result of the progression of multidisciplinary knowledge and technological advances in scientific analysis.
In recent years, the WHO has introduced Water Safety Plans (WSP) a new holistic approach that shifts the focus from retrospective control over distributed waters, to prevention and risk management throughout the water supply chain from source to domestic tap. In this way, the approach focused mainly on verifying the quality of the finished product (water at the point of delivery) has shifted towards the creation of a global risk assessment and management systems that cover the entire water supply chain, imposing checks and assessments where there is risk of contamination by chemical, microbiological, physical and radiological means, including risk from emerging contaminants not ordinarily subject to routine control.
Negli ultimi anni l’OMS ha introdotto un nuovo approccio olistico (sWater Safety Plans ,WSP) che sposta l’attenzione dal controllo retrospettivo sulle acque distribuite, alla prevenzione e gestione dei rischi nella filiera idropotabile, estesa dalla captazione al rubinetto.
To aid those involved in the supply chain, the kits proposed in this section have been developed as rapid and reliable screening tools that allow timely intervention in cases of deviation from recognized limits and parameters.